The United States Tax Court has recently released a decision in Frank Aragona Trust v. Commissioner that will affect tax planning for many trusts that own businesses or hold real estate. In that case, a trust operated rental real estate properties and developed other real estate properties. It incurred losses from these activities, which it deducted as non-passive losses.
Under prior law, rental real estate losses were automatically passive losses unless incurred by a “real estate professional.” The IRS’s position in Frank Aragona Trust was that a trust could never qualify as a real estate professional. However, the Tax Court found for the taxpayer. It stated that a trust could qualify as a real estate professional if the rental real estate activities of its trustees were regular, continuous, and substantial. It did not, however, address whether trusts could count the activities of employees who were not trustees. The decision will also have a significant impact on planning for the Net Investment Income Tax.
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