After the United States Supreme Court decision in United States v. Quality Stores, Inc., the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has responded in kind with Announcement 2015-8. The issue in both the Supreme Court decision and the IRS announcement pertain to refunds of taxes on severance payments.
The United States Supreme Court in Quality Stores determined that severance payments to employees were taxable wages, subject to Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax (FICA). Other cases have found that severance payments were subject to other taxes, such as the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) and Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RUTA).
The IRS announcement made clear that no refunds will be issued for taxes paid on severance payments. However, the only exception is a FICA tax exemption for severance payments in conjunction with state unemployment benefits, as per Revenue Ruling 90-72. A claimant may still appeal for a refund of FICA taxes if it is on an “additional or different basis,” such as taxes on certain fringe benefits. However, generally, severance payments are taxable and the IRS will not issue refunds thereupon.
Further information may be found in the IRS announcement, found here: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/a-15-08.pdf
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